Trade marks are not protected absolutely, but only in connection with specific goods and services. When registering a trade mark, you must indicate the goods and services for which you want to register it.
The International Classification of Goods and Services established by the Nice Agreement (known as the "Nice Classification") groups all goods and services into a total of 45 classes (pdf in German, French and Italian).
Make sure that you specify the goods and/or services as precisely as possible in your application so that your trade mark is protected for the products for which it will be used. The list of goods and services cannot be extended once the trade mark has been registered.
The general terms (German, French or Italian) of the 45 class headings cover the main goods and services of each class. However, each class also includes goods and services that are not covered by these general terms. You must indicate these separately when you register your trade mark.
For example: Class 15 features “musical instruments” as the only general term. This term therefore covers recorders, trumpets and pianos, but not music stands, which also belong to Class 15.
The IPI's Classification Tool allows you to search for goods and services terms to help you correctly classify the goods and services for your trade mark.
If you have any questions regarding the classification of goods and services, please contact us directly at: wdl @ipi .ch
If you are not sure which goods and/or services you should protect your trade mark for, we recommend consulting a trade mark consultant.
Specify goods and services as precisely as possible. The examination procedure can be significantly delayed if you use vague terms. Identical and similar trade marks can, in principle, only conflict with one another if they are registered for the same or similar goods and/or services.
Use your trade mark in connection with those goods or services for which your registered it within five years after registering. If you don't, you may lose protection of your trade mark (Monitoring and defending your trade mark).
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