You can search the database with or without using search operators and placeholders. Without placeholders, the search engine will only find identical terms.
After you have entered your search term or terms into the search box and started the search, the following fields will be searched for results:
- Sign text (sign without a representation)
- Verbal elements (sign with a representation which includes characters)
- Remarks (descriptions, e.g. blazons)
- Address of the authority or organisation
- Vienna Classification
You will obtain results if the character string found matches what you typed exactly. For example, a search for photo will only find results with the word photo and not photos, photograph or photographer. To search for alternative spellings or similar terms, please use the advanced search options.
If you use several search terms, the search results will contain at least one of these terms (default operator OR).
The search engine does not differentiate between upper and lower case letters.
Umlauts (ä, ö, ü) and other accents (e.g. à, ô, ç) are not taken into account by the search engine. This is also true if you use double quotation marks to search for exact word sequences. It therefore does not matter if you type umlauts or accents – a search for schön or schon will produce the same results. You cannot, however, use ae, oe or ue in place of ä, ö or ü.
The search engine does not recognise special characters. This includes, for example, the characters + - / & ! ( ). Full stops and commas are not recognised.
Because special characters function like spaces, the character strings before and after a special character (e.g. PC-Doctor) are treated like separate terms (search for PC and Doctor). Therefore, please place search terms with special characters in quotation marks – "PC-Doctor".
Harmonisation and partial revision of guidelines as of 1 July 2023
Conference on Intellectual Property & Sustainability at the University of Geneva
Symposium: "Best practices in the fight against counterfeiting & piracy – NFTs not your cup of tea? Well, they should: NFTs as a new way of fighting counterfeiting and piracy"