Guide for Innovative and Creative Minds


No protection for

Ideas, mere labor (e.g., putting together a telephone book; rejection of the «sweat of the brow doctrine»), concepts or instructions for humans (e.g., food recipes) do not fall under copyrights, even if they possess individual character. Laws, ordinances and other governmental decrees as well as decisions, protocols and reports made by officials and public administrators, means of payment, patent documents, and publicized patent applications are also not protected.



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