Ideas, mere labor (e.g. putting together a telephone book), concepts or instructions for humans (e.g. food recipes) do not fall under copyright, even if they possess individual character. Laws, ordinances and other governmental decrees as well as decisions, protocols and reports made by officials and public administrators, means of payment, patent documents, and published patent applications are also not protected.
Harmonisation and partial revision of guidelines as of 1 July 2023
Conference on Intellectual Property & Sustainability at the University of Geneva
Symposium: "Best practices in the fight against counterfeiting & piracy – NFTs not your cup of tea? Well, they should: NFTs as a new way of fighting counterfeiting and piracy"